The session will consist of three parts:
- Hub-and-spoke vs linear navigation: We will summarise the advantages and disadvantages of each navigation style and look at the contexts in which each is used to its best effect.
- For example: An advantage to hub-and-spoke navigation is that it creates focus by reducing the navigational needs of activity pages; a disadvantage is that it appears to not facilitate predictable patterns of movement (Iske 2105). The latter is particularly problematic if you believe that learning is more effective when it happens in designed sequences (c.f Black, Harrison, Lee, Marshall, & William, 2003; Ritchart, Church, & Morrison, 2011).
- An advantage of linear navigation is it can better facilitate the design of sequences. A disadvantage of linear navigation is that it runs counter to users typical online experiences – such that it is often taken to have a scent of bad design thinking (Nielsen, 199, 2000). Users expect to be given freedom and linear navigation can make them feel trapped.
- Demonstration of design: We will describe how we combined these two navigational patterns to harness the benefits of each and create a dynamic, learning-centred experience. We will also explain how our analysis of these two navigational patterns brought us to also appreciate the language of book design, fitness apps, games, web forms (Wroblewski, 2008) and Google’s Material Design specifications.
- We will conclude by sharing findings about users’ experience of our MSc interface.
Black, P., Harrison, C. Lee, C., Marshall, B., & William D. (2003). Assessment for learning: Putting it into practice. Maidenhead, UK: Open University Press.
Iske, S. (2011) ’Navigational Paths and Didactical Patterns’ in Investigations of E-Learning Patterns: Context Factors, Problems and Solutions. Kohls, C. ed. Hershey, PA: Information Science Publishing.
Nielsen, J. (2000) Designing Web Usability: The Practice of Simplicity. San Francisco, CA: New Riders Press.
Ritchart, R. Church, M., & Morrison, K. (2011) Making Thinking Visible: How to Promote Engagement, Understanding, and Independence for All Learners. San Francisco, CA, USA: Jossey Bass.
Willingham, D. (2010) Why Don’t Students Like School?: A Cognitive Scientist Answers Questions About How the Mind Works and What It Means for the Classroom. San Francisco, CA, USA: Jossey Bass.
Wrobelski, L. (2008) Web Form Design. Brooklyn, NY: Rosenfeld Media.